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Blood pressure can cause kidney failure, blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and usually given as 2 numbers. For example, 140 over 90 (written as 140/90).
The top number is your systolic pressure, the pressure created when your heart beats. It is considered high if it is consistently over 140.
The bottom number is your diastolic pressure, the pressure inside blood vessels when the heart is at rest. It is considered high if it is consistently over 90.
Either or both of these numbers may be too high.
Pre-hypertension is when your systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 139 or your diastolic blood pressure is between 80 and 89 on multiple readings. If you have pre-hypertension, you are more likely to develop high blood pressure at some point.
High blood pressure; HBP; Blood pressure – high cause hypertension
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Blood pressure measurements are the result of the force of the blood produced by the heart and the size and condition of the arteries.
Many factors can affect blood pressure, including how much water and salt you have in your body, the condition of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels, and the levels of different body hormones.
High blood pressure can affect all types of people. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you have a family history of the disease. High blood pressure is more common in African Americans than Caucasians.
Most of the time, no cause is identified. This is called essential hypertension.
High blood pressure that results from a specific condition, habit, or medication is called secondary hypertension. Too much salt in your diet can lead to high blood pressure. Secondary hypertension may also be due to:
- Kidney failure
- Alcohol poisoning Renal artery stenosis
- Adrenal gland tumor
- Anxitety and stress Renal vascular obstructions or narrowing
- Appetite suppressants Migraine medicines
- Arteriosclerosis Hemolytic-uremic syndrome
- Birth control pills Obesity
- Certain cold medicines Pain
- Coarctation of the aorta Periarteritis nodosa
- Cocaine use Radiation enteritis
- Cushing syndrome Renal artery stenosis
- Diabetes Retroperitonial fibrosis
- Kidney disease, including: Wilms’ tumor
- Glomerulonephrities Pregnancy
- Inflammation of kidneys) (called gestational hypertension)
Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Symptoms that may occur include:
- Confusion Vision changes
- Chest pain Tiredness
- Ear noise or buzzing Nosebleed
- Irregular heartbeat
If you have a severe headache or any of the symptoms above, see your doctor right away. This may be a signs of a complication or dangerously high blood pressure called malignant hypertension.
Signs and tests
Your health care provider will perform a physicalexam and check your blood pressure. If the measurement is high, your doctor may think you have hypertension. The measurements need to be repeated over time, so that the diagnosis can be confirmed.
If you monitor your blood pressure at home, you may be asked the following questions:
- What was your most recent blood pressure reading?
- What was the previous blood pressure reading?
- What is the average systolic (top number) and diastolic (bottom number)?
- Has your blood pressure increased recently?
Other tests may be done to look for blood in urine or heart failure. Your doctor will look for signs of complications to your heart, kidneys, eyes, and other organs in your body.
These tests may include:
- X-ray of kidney
- Complications Heart attack
- Aortic dissection Hypertensive heart disease
- Blood vessel damage Brain damage Stroke
- Congestive heart failure Vision loss
- Kidney Damage Calling your health care provider
- Kidney failure
Call your health care provider right away if home monitoring shows that your blood pressure remains high or you have any of the following symptoms:
- Chest pain Severe headache
- Confusion Shortness of breath
- Excessive tiredness Significant sweating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Vision changes
Lifestyle changes may help control your blood pressure:
- Lose weight if you are overweight. Excess weight adds to strain on the heart. In some cases, weight loss may be the only treatment needed.
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat a healthy diet. Eat less fat and sodium. Salt, MSG, and baking soda all contain sodium. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and fiber.
- Avoid smoking.
- If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control.
- Follow your health care provider’s recommendations to modify, treat, or control possible causes of secondary hypertension.
Dr. Harshad Raval’s opinion on blood pressure causing kidney failure:
As a homeopathic practitioner, Dr. Harshad Raval would likely emphasize the importance of treating the root cause of high blood pressure in order to prevent kidney failure. In homeopathic medicine, treatment is tailored to the individual, taking into account the person’s physical, emotional, and mental symptoms.
Dr. Raval may recommend a number of lifestyle changes to control blood pressure, including diet changes, exercise, stress management techniques, and avoiding alcohol and smoking.
Additionally, Dr. Raval may suggest taking homeopathic remedies that have a proven track record in treating hypertension and kidney problems. These remedies are chosen based on the individual’s unique symptoms, medical history, and current health status. The remedies work by stimulating the body’s natural healing processes, improving overall health, and balancing the body’s systems to reduce the risk of complications such as kidney failure.