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Home >> Bones & Joint

BONES & JOINT

Information about Bones & Joint

Ankle Problems

Ankle has been injured, is causing severe pain, and cannot be moved, give Arnica 30c every 5 minutes until help arrives; likely cause pain and swelling, but usually the ankle remains mobile. Tissues around ankle joint remain prone to swelling for several months after such injuries.
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Other conditions affecting the ankles and requiring prompt treatment complete rupture of Achilles tendon, causing pain and inflammation, swelling of one ankle and tenderness in corresponding calf. Fever, and redness and swelling which affect other joints too and infective arthritis (fever, and redness and swelling of one ankle only);

Chronic conditions sometimes accompanied by ankle problems are Rheumatoid arthritis & ostioartharities (ankles red, hot, swollen, and painful), puffy ankles, (ankles swollen, breathlessness, wheezing, tiredness), swollen veins in legs, feet and ankles swell after standing for short time. Hot weather can also cause ankles to swell and shoes to feel tight; in some women swollen ankles are a side effect of oral contraceptives.

See conditions mentioned above for homeopathic remedies; if none seems suitable, choose one of the remedies in the Remedies / self help section. If cause of ankle pain cannot be pinpointed, constitutional treatment should be considered.

Back Problems

The single largest cause of lost working hours, often caused by lifting, twisting, poor posture, and inadequate back support when sitting or lying down; pain is felt when back muscles are over-tense or pulled, go into spasm to prevent further damage to overstrained ligaments or when discs between vertebrae rupture, pressing on adjacent nerves Anything which puts sustained extra strain on the back - pregnancy, having one leg shorter than the other, habitually carrying one shoulder higher than the other - can cause backache; mental and emotional overload can aggravate and sometimes cause a bad back.
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Back pain may be localized, as in Lumbago (pain in middle of the back just below waist), Sciatica (pain radiates from lower back into buttock, then shoots down leg), Coccydinia (pain around coccyx, right at base of spine) or (pain and stiffness in neck), or more general, (with fever, sore throat, headache) or Osteoarthritis, especially in an older person. Where chief symptom is general stiffness or pain around sacroiliac joint (which links sacrum to pelvis) cause may be ankylosing spondylitis. Other ailments which can affect the spine is (knife-like pains stabbing out from one side of spine at chest level), and Paget's disease (spine tender when pressed, perhaps developing sideways curve).

If back pain onsets suddenly after a period of immobility, especially in someone over 60, consult your doctor if there is no improvement in 6hours; cause may be a Fracture brought on by Osteoporosis. Back pain accompanied by Fever may be a sign of acute Pyelonephritis back pain one-sided and radiating into groin, nausea and vomiting) Homeopathic treatment of back trouble caused by tension and stress is mainly constitutional;. Other remedies appear under other conditions mentioned above. Physiotherapy and acupuncture are also recommended - they bring swift relief to many thousands of back sufferers each year.

Cervical Spondylosis

A form of arthritis in which the vertebrae of the neck grow extra bone and start to press upon adjacent nerves, causing a stiff and painful neck, and tingling sensations, numbness, pins and needles, or pain in the hands and legs of one or both sides of the body, and sometimes Headache, double vision, and Dizziness or unsteadiness when neck is turned in certain directions. Homeopathic treatment is the same as that for Osteoarthritis. .

Knee Problems

Like other important joints, knees can be affected by Rheumatoid arthritis (loss of weight and appetite, muscular pains, then red, swollen, painful joints with stiffness most noticeable first thing in the morning) and Osteoarthritis (episodes of pain, swelling, and stiffness, eventually knee may lock or give way); Osteoarthritis of the hip may give pain in the corresponding knee. Knees can also be affected by Gout (only one knee affected, pain and swelling come on in matter of hours, fever, joint unbearably tender) and by Bursitis - housemaid's knee and ‘water on the knee' are forms of bursitis, caused by injury or pressure.
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Knee injuries can take the form of Fracture ,Dislocations or damage to cartilages and ligaments Unfortunately, all such injuries increase risk of Osteoarthritis at a later date. If knee is fractured or dislocated, there is severe pain, loss of movement, and deformity; Arnica 30c every 5 minutes until help arrives. If a ligament is torn, or if a cartilage is crushed or torn, as frequently happens in violent twisting injuries on the sports field, there will be escalating pain, stiffness, and swelling;

Osteoarthritis (Osteoarthrosis)

With age, injury or overuse, cartilage covering articulating surfaces of bones breaks down; underlying bone becomes thickened and distorted, restricting joint movement and sometimes causing episodes of inflammation, pain, and swelling; joints most commonly affected are the load-bearing ones - hips, knees, and spine; 90 per cent of people over 40 have some degree of osteoarthritis in one or more joints.
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Condition can be aggravated by being overweight, by an over-acid diet, and by laxative abuse. Conventional treatments include painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections into joints, physiotherapy to prevent muscles wasting, and replacement of worn joints, especially hips, with artificial ones; hip replacements have a high success rate, but may themselves have to be replaced within about 20-30 years.

Homeopathy offers constitutional treatment if Osteoarthritis is chronic, but for isolated flare-ups the remedies below should be tried; if they do not improve matters

Sciatica

Nerve pain caused by compression of, or pressure on, sciatic nerve supplying leg; can be caused by a Prolapsed disc or disc degeneration by Osteoposis (distorted or thickened vertebrae), or by Ankylosing spondylitis (fusion of facet joints between vertebrae); pains shoot into buttock and leg, especially when bending, sneezing, or coughing; standing may be more comfortable than sitting. Orthodox treatment depends on cause of pain, but options include painkillers, muscle relaxants, steroid injections, and physiotherapy.
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An Autoimmune disease in which the linings (synovial membranes) of joint capsules become inflamed and swollen; inflammation spreads to other joint tissues and, in severe cases, to the bones themselves, causing deformity, Dislocations and disability. Joint symptoms may onset suddenly or are preceded by vague muscular pains, Weight loss of appetite and feeling generally unwell; in many sufferers, inflammation affects tissues of heart and blood vessels as well as joints; some sufferers also develop Anemia

Condition mainly affects smaller joints, chiefly knuckles and toe joints, but also wrists, neck, ankles, and knees; pain and stiffness are worst morning, but tend to wear off as day progresses. Nearly half of all sufferers recover completely after one or more attacks. In women, it may be aggravated during the menstrual period. Routinely treated with painkillers, steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs, and physiotherapy; surgery is considered risky, but may be advised in special cases.

Homeopathic treatment is constitutional, with special attention to diet and nutrition; for specific remedies for Ankle problems, Back problems, Foot problems, Knee problem, neck problems are cure by homoeopathy, about query request in patient inquiry.

Osteoporosis

Loss of bone mass due to ageing, prolonged inactivity, hormone changes, drugs (excess oral steroids as in Cushing's syndrome, and also drugs given for Asthma and Rheumatoid arthritis or due to calcium deficiency; bones remain same size and shape, but their honeycomb structure becomes less dense because bone is broken down faster than it is replaced; lighter bones fracture easily and heal slowly.
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Condition is more common in women than men because after the menopause the parathyroid glands produce less calcitonin, the hormone which stimulates bones to absorb calcium; in three-quarters of women bone loss is fairly slow, but by the age of 80 most women have lost between half and a quarter of their bone mass. Scientists returning from prolonged periods of weightlessness in Space lab were found to have lost bone mass.

Predisposing factors for osteoporosis include hysterectomy, removal of the ovaries before the age of 45, early menopause, family history, long-term illness, solitary occupation, drinking more than 40 units of alcohol a week, low body weight, poor calcium, magnesium and boron intake, Thyrotoxicosis a history of anorexia, smoking, caffeine, bran and laxatives, or being a vegetarian.

Though bone loss is not reversible, constitutional homeopathic treatment may help to slow the process down. For bone and joint pains, see remedies listed under Bone pain